So You Want to Read… Guardians of the Galaxy: Part Three: Team-ups and Solo Acts!

Welcome to So You Want to Read, a series about starting franchise comics, either from the beginning or by my own recommendations. Whenever possible I’m going off of the Trade Paperback/Collected Editions.

In this installment, I’m breaking down the various solo titles and spin-Offs the Guardians have had and helping navigate through those rocky waters, which may just be more confusing than the main series. I have not included Rocket Racoon or Groot’s series, as they’ve had enough to get their own article, and for you long-time fans, I am not forgetting the original Guardians, I’m gonna get to them last. But for now, let’s dive in!

Solo Guardians

Star-Lord:

Star-Lord has had appeared in several series over the 30 years before he joined the Guardians. The Peter Quill who appears in these stories is vastly different than the ones who’ve shown up in the movies or newer comics. After his mother is killed by aliens, Peter Quill dedicates his life to getting to space and hunting them down. He gets into NASA and is then fired after being too unstable. Some cosmic schmo named the Master of the Sun offers one human the ability to become the Star-Lord, the representation of a perfect being. So naturally, Peter breaks into NASA and guns down everyone in his way so he can be that person. Taking pity on him, the MoS grants him the power of the Star-Lord and the revelation that revenge won’t fill the void. With that, he decides to be the cosmic protector; Star-Lord.

So yeah, a little different. There’s a lot of weird Sci-Fi stuff like making out with his ship, apparently being the reincarnation of Jesus, and having planet fall in love with him and commit suicide when he leaves. There are a lot of talented people on these books though, Steve Englehart and Carmine Infantino for starters.  X-Men Superstars Chris Claremont and John Byrne work together for the first time on Star-Lord. The comics are all interesting, even if they’re not all particularly good.
Every Star-Lord story before 2003 is available in one paperback Star-Lord: Guardian of the Galaxy.

During Bendis’ run on Guardians two solo series were launched at the time of the first movie to capitalize on the success, however, they both turned out to be really solid. Rocket Racoon and the Legendary Star-Lord were two of the most purely enjoyable books at Marvel at the time. I’ll get to Rocket Racoon next time, but under writer Sam Humphries’ pen, Legendary Star-Lord and its two successor series were smart, charming, and sweet. Like actually really sweet. Focusing more on Peter Quill as a character and focusing on his growth and personal relationship with his father, his girlfriend Kitty Pryde, and his distance from Earth, LSL did what a solo series should do. It told stories that could only be told with this character. It explored him in ways, that despite him basically being the main character in Guardians, that book couldn’t.

Also, it was basically a relationship book between Kitty and Peter and was really cute.
Legendary Star-Lord is collected in two volumes Face It, I Rule and Rise of the Black Vortex. And once again the Black Vortex crossover messes up your trade reading. Rise contains the three issues before Black Vortex and the one immediately following it. But once again doesn’t contain the rest of the crossover, which is mostly a Star-Lord story and the first and last chapters, as well as a Guardians Team-Up issue, are written by Humphries making basically part of the series. Once again, those are in the Guardians of the Galaxy & X-Men: Black Vortex Collection. There’s really no good way to get everything without double dipping.
During the Secret Wars event, Legendary was replaced with Star-Lord and Kitty Pryde. While Legendary veered into rom-com, this one crashes full force into it. On Battleworld, the planet made of fragments of alternate universes, Peter Quill has survived the destruction of the multiverse and taken a job as a lounge singer in an attempt to evade the eyes of Emperor Doom. One night, he sees Kitty Pryde, but not his Kitty. This Kitty is an agent for Doom, tracking down artifacts that might disprove Doom’s godhood. Peter reacts in the worst way possible and interrupts her meeting with Gambit the Collector, outing himself as one such anomoly. They end up handcuffed together and using her powers and Peter’s thieving skills, they decide to take down the Collector together and retrieve the artifact she was after, all the while Peter tries to convince her to give him a chance. It was one of my favorite series from Secret Wars and considering how much I loved the entire event that’s saying something.

After Secret Wars, the series was relaunched without the “Legendary” in the title, but the trades had them, so that’s good if you’re a trade reader. Volume 3, First Flight, is an origin story and takes a lot more than you might expect from the original. An 18-year-old, Peter Quill, the janitor at NASA, spends his nights testing flight simulators in attempts to join the space program and find the aliens who killed his mother. After stealing a Kree ship that NASA was attempting to reverse engineer, he launches into space only to be taken in by Yondu Udonta and the Ravagers. After being their janitor for a time, he learns to be a proper space pirate until the NASA crew gets out of our solar system and is captured by the Ravagers. He has to decide to help them or turn them over to the Ravagers, who have the location of his mother’s killers.

The fourth and final (or fifth and final) volume, Out of Orbit, reveals the reason behind Peter and Kitty’s break up as they’re captured by the Collector, who now collects emotions,  forces them to relive it. It’s a fun short story, but the rest of the graphic novel is padded by old Collector appearances, which is a little disappointing. Still a solid read.

At this point, Humphries left Marvel and began writing Green Lanterns for DC, which is good and you should read, but there is one Star-Lord book left. Writer Chip Zdarsky (Jughead, Sex Criminals, Howard the Duck) and artist Kris Anka (Captain Marvel, Uncanny X-Men) launched a new series. After the Guardians split up, Peter is stuck on Earth and as the only two people on Earth he knows are Howard the Duck and Kitty, he gets a job as a bartender and has to fulfill court-ordered community service. After bonding with the old man he has for service hours, turns out the old dude is an ex-supervillain and the two of them get involved in a heist. Guest-starring Daredevil and Old Man Logan! It’s a gorgeous book, Anka designs a new uniform for Star-Lord and NAILS it. It’s smart, it’s funny, it’s emotional, Zdarksy is on point. Only real problem is it was too short as the series was canceled after six issues and an annual. The whole series is coming out in June as a paperback titled Star-Lord: Grounded.

Drax:

Written by wrestler CM Punk and comics author Cullen Bunn, Drax’s ongoing series, launched in 2015, has Drax to detective his way and find some missing children, and then use his parenting skills to corral them back home. Meanwhile, he has to deal with assassins, the dragon Fin Fang Foom, and his ex-sidekick Cammi. It’s actually a really fun series. Completely available in two volumes; Galaxy’s Best Detective and Children’s Crusade.
There is also a Drax miniseries collected in Annihilation Volume One. It’s the series that relaunched Marvel Cosmic in addition to making Drax the alien dude we know him as today.

Gamora:

Gamora has only had one series, Gamora: Memento Mori, but it’s written by the co-writer of the first film, Nicole Perlman and that’s pretty cool. Delving into Gamora’s past as the daughter of Thanos, it was announced shortly after the movie but was delayed until last year. It sadly only ran for five issues. The trade is out in July.

There are also two different trades that contain Drax and Gamora’s earliest appearances by Jim Starlin, but I’m saving the Starlin stuff for Infinity War. If you’re interested, those are called Drax: Guardian of the Galaxy and Gamora: Guardian of the Galaxy respectively.

Also available is the Guardians of the Galaxy Solo Omnibus, which contains all of the [Character]:Guardian of the Galaxy trades as well as early Rocket and Groot appearances.

Other Team Stuff:

The last two Team based Guardians series (excluding the original Guardians) is a short, but fun team-up series and mini that only tangentially ties in, but is fun and completists might want to read.

During the Bendis run, a spin-off, Guardians Team-Up was launched. It’s a fun series of mostly one-shots, with the exception of the first two issues, written by Bendis with art by James Lestein and comics legend Art Adams. The two-parter has the Guardians teaming up with the Avengers to take on a Chitari invasion, led by Nebula. It’s a good jump-in point if you’ve only seen the movies. There is also a really good issue by Javier Pulido in which Spider-Man and Star-Lord team up to recover Quill’s Element Gun after it’s stolen by Black Cat. Other highlights include a Pet Avengers team-up (co-written by Andy Lanning), the hilarious pairing of Drax and Ant-Man, and a Groot/Silver Surfer team-up. Collected in Two volumes; Guardians Assemble and Unlikely Story.

During Secret Wars there was a series called The Infinity Gauntlet (not to be confused with the 1991 series of the same name) that featured alternate versions of the Guardians and Thanos but mostly focused on a family trying to stay together in a bug-infested wasteland. The long-lost mother, member of the Nova Corps., returns to the family and grants them powers, but also enlists them in tracking down and protecting the Infinity Stones. The family’s new traveling companion a Titan named Thanos might have over plans for the Stones. The writer of Infinity Gauntlet is now writing the Guardians ongoing series and has hinted elements from it may appear. So maybe check that one out if you’re inclined. It’s completely self-contained and well worth a read.

There’s also a collection called Best Story Ever, but I’m not sure what’s in it. I’ve said, I’ve read almost everything after all.

If you’ve enjoyed this, give me holler, comment with what you liked and how I can improve.

 

Next time: Rocket and Groot

So You Want to Read… Guardians of the Galaxy: Part Two: New Guard! The Bendis Era: Part Two

The second half of the run seems a lot less focused, much like the title of these Bendis reading orders, but it only has five arcs to get through and one is completely skippable if you want. Still, there’s some good character stuff in there and is worth reading. Especially if you’ve gotten this far.

We begin the second part of Bendis’ run with there being no galaxy to guard. In Secret Wars, a big event comic by Jonathon Hickman and Esad Ribic, the entire multiverse was destroyed and the remains were reconstituted as one patchwork planet ruled by Doctor Doom. It is one of my favorite comics of all time, I recommend reading it and if you need the Guardians connection, it has a couple big Star-Lord and Groot moments.

Guardians of Knowhere

Even with no Galaxy, there are still Guardians. Battleworld has only one thing in its orbit. Knowhere. The head of a celestial that dared defy God Doom. Gamora, Drax, and Rocket serve as the outlaw protectorates of the head, converted into a space station. I don’t know why I’m explaining Knowhere to you. You’ve seen the first movie.

Anyway,  they’re hunted down by Yotat the Destroyer, who wants revenge on Drax. After that battle, they’re confronted by Angela, who is a Thor (the cops of Battleworld). They’re also attacked by a woman calling herself ‘Hala’ (the name of the destroyed Kree homeward, which doesn’t exist in this universe), anyway it’s mostly fighting and nonsense until Star-Lord shows up and recruits them to fight Doom.

None of that matters as the universe is reset in the aftermath of Secret Wars. Mike Deodato Jr. is on art duties and it’s pretty alright, but while Bendis and Deodato have done good work before, he doesn’t mesh as well as Schiti’s with this book.

All-New All-Different Guardians

After Secret Wars, The Marvel Universe relaunched with all-new series taking place eight months later. With a new series, there’s a new status quo. The trades are listed as Guardians of the Galaxy: New Guard on Amazon to differentiate it from the first series, but I don’t believe the physical copies have that distinction.

A note I want to make is that I was buying this series in single issues and they mostly felt unsatisfying. As single issues anyway. When I reread them as story arcs to write this, they felt a bit better, so if you’re reading them for the first time in graphic novel, you’ll probably appreciate it more.

Emperor Quill

When we return, Peter has taken over the Spartax empire from his father. And he’s not loving it. He’s bored out his skull wishing for adventure. The Guardians are still continuing without him, but the line-up has shifted drastically, Rocket, Drax, Venom, and Groot stick around from the previous line-up. Ben Grimm, the ever-loving blue-eyed Thing, and a new Star-Lord, Kitty Pryde, join the team.

After recovering some alien tech, they turn to Quill to get it analyzed. Gamora falls from the sky and the Guardians fight *new* threats. Hala and Yotat.

Again.

Really.

As usual Schiti’s art is great and all of new designs are really cool looking. Just not a really remarkable story.

Wanted

The Guardians split up, save some people, and take down a Badoon prison camp. It’s kind of a collection of single issues taking place at mostly the same moment in time, cool in concept, but nothing really new from the series. There are actually some really good character moments with Kitty and Venom. But mostly, it’s what you’ve seen before. It seems a bit like a filler arc, I can’t say too much about it.

Civil War II

It’s a tie-in to a big Marvel event, but mostly it serves to set up the next arc. It has very little impact on the Guardians overall and less on Civil War II. I specifically read Guardians because it mostly stays away from crossovers like that. It has it’s own cosmic crossovers, sure, but not usually the hero v. hero big event ones. It’s fine, Gamora has a really good character arc in the end, but mostly forgettable.

It also has a story drawn by Kevin Maguire. The Skulls kidnap Spider-Man in an attempt to get their hands on the Venom symbiote. It’s really a Venom character study and one of the better Venom stories as part of this series. Fun read, that one.

Grounded

After their ship was shot down, the Guardians are stuck on Earth. What’s a cosmic team of badasses to do? This arc is made up of one-shots going into just that. The Thing decides to go hunt down Doctor Doom. Groot gets a Dr. Seuss style story, it’s really cute. Gamora faces down S.H.I.E.L.D. to hunt down her father. Angela finds her girlfriend missing.

The finale is really, really satisfying though. Thanos and the remainder of the Galactic Council invade Earth and it’s up to the Guardians to stop it. IT’S ACTUALLY REALLY GOOD AND I HAVE A LOT OF EMOTIONS ABOUT THE FINALE AND DRAX KICKS THANOS IN THE NUTS!!!

So yeah, that brings us up to the present in terms of graphic novels. If you want a good place to jump on single issues now, All-New Guardians of the Galaxy issue 1 by Gerry Duggan and Aaron Kuder, just came out the Wednesday I’m writing this. It looks fun, and this Saturday is Free Comic Book Day, there’s also a free ANGotG book by them just for that day, go pick it up. Support your local comic chops.

Next time: The Guardians; Team-Ups and Solo Outings!

So You Want to Read… Guardians of the Galaxy: Part Two: Cosmic Avengers! The Bendis Era: Part One

Brian Michael Bendis just wrapped up his Guardians run a month before the second movie (allowing a new series to be launched just in time, funny how things work out isn’t it?). Lasting from February 2013 to April 2017, his run is massive. I’m splitting it into two sections, this is the first, covering everything before Marvel’s universe resetting Secret Wars event. I believe he has written the Guardians longer than any other writer in Marvel history while leaving very few lasting marks on the franchise. Partly because he was brought on to provide star power, but also to make the comics more like the then upcoming movie. After that, he probably had to keep them in some sort of homeostasis and most character development and story progressions done by him are reset by the end of the series to provide room for the next writer and Artist to make their mark.

Avengers Assemble:

Bendis wrote Avengers for eight years, redefining the franchise. When the Avengers film came out, Marvel wanted to launch a new series to bring in new readers. Meant to be accessible to people who only saw the film, Bendis was the obvious choice. The Avengers face down a new incarnation of the criminal cartel the Zodiac. Turns out they were given powers by Thanos for reasons…? The Guardians show up and Thanos gets his hands on a Cosmic Cube (remember? The Tesseract? From the Movie? Guys, remember?). The two teams team-up and take him down and they’re a team. It’s fine. It serves it purpose, introducing new readers to the comic book versions of the Avengers, provides an introduction for the mid-credits scene dude and introduces their next franchise. It also bridges the gap between Bendis writing Avengers and Guardians. Completely supplementary and aside from one line of dialogue (literally one line of dialogue) has no impact on his Guardians run proper.

It’s not all bad though. The dialogue is solid and Mark Bagley’s art is dynamic and well constructed.

Available in paperback, hardcover and as part of the Guardians of the Galaxy by Brian Michael Bendis Omnibus.

Guardians of the Galaxy (2011):

When the movie was announced, obviously a comic revival was also announced, and so Bendis and superstar artist Steve McNiven relaunched the series. It’s supposed to follow the events of the Abnett/Lanning run, there are some differences to bring the characters in line with the (then upcoming) movie. Star-Lord and Drax are A)not dead and B) Quill’s personality is completely different than in the previous series. Whereas he was a hardened ex-war hero and deadpan snarker, here he’s more of a joker and womanizer. Also, a blond now, I guess.

So I’m going to be breaking this down in chronological order based on the graphic novel numbering, which is pretty straightforward. Until it’s not. I’ll walk you through it.

Cosmic Avengers

The first volume of the new series is very much a high-action “here is the mission statement” story. The Earth is attacked and the Guardians protect it. Iron Man, in space at the time, and being from Earth, decides to join the Guardians as their representative from Earth and also to get Avengers fans to read the book.
There is also the revised origin of Star-Lord as well as several short stories of Quill recruiting the Guardians back to the team. The team breaking up and reuniting is a recurring motif in Bendis’ run. It does its job and the Star-Lord origin issue is pretty solid. It’s a really fun start.

Angela

The Guardians do what they do best (at least in Bendis’ run) sit in a bar and let trouble find them. No, seriously.
Then they get an alert of a cosmic type causing a ruckus. They run into Angela, a warrior woman who doesn’t seem to know where she is or the rules of the universe she’s in. (This is explained in a Thor story. Surprise! She’s Thor’s sister.) Anyway, the Angela stuff is actually a lot better than I make it out to be, partly due to Angela’s creator Neil Gaiman co-writing two issues. Bendis’ Ultimate Spider-Man collaborator Sara Pichelli does art and it’s gorgeous. Especially the facial expressions, which are important with a book that relies heavily on banter like this one.

Then S.W.O.R.D., Earth’s defense group against space gets attacked during Thanos’ assault on Earth in Infinity (an Avengers event), The Guardians show up and save the station. Francesco Francavilla does god-tier art. Even if you don’t like Bendis’ writing, you should check out these issues for the art because it’s stunning.

There’s also a story that has art by Kevin Maguire and kind of encapsulates the whole run. It’s fun but leaves no lasting impact.

Trial of Jean Grey

Not labeled as a volume of Guardians of the Galaxy or All-New X-Men with which this is a crossover. It’s really an X-Men story and the Guardians just kind of ferry them around. It is a really good X-Men story, mind you, but the only real impact on the Guardians is that Kitty Pryde starts a long distance relationship with Peter.

However, don’t necessarily think you can skip it because the art by Sara Pichelli (Guardians) and Stuart Immonen (X-Men) is great. There’s really good body language, facial expressions, and visual comedy. They’re also two of my favorite artists currently working in the superhero genre. If you’re into comics for the art, which you kinda should be considering the medium, then it’s still worth a read.

Guardians Disassembled
Guardians are split up and have to find each other again, for the second time. Peter’s evil emperor father J’Son sells the Guardians out to their most hated enemies, hoping that their dissolution will make his son embrace his destiny as the Prince of Spartax. It does not go his way.

Nick Bradshaw is the main artist on this arc, with assists by David Marquez, Michael Omeing, Jason Masters, and Cameron Stewart. It’s notable mostly for Venom joining the team and then instantly being ditched, and for having Captain Marvel on the cover of two issues she’s not in, then having a cover she’s not on but is actually in the story. (SIGH.)

There are a couple short stories, first printed as part of issue 14, which would have been the 101st issue if they never renumbered. There’s a beautiful Groot story by Andy Lanning and Phil Jimenz. Also, in the issue (which is how I have it), there’s a story featuring the original Guardians by Dan Abnett and Gerardo Sandovaul. I don’t know if that’s in the trade, it’s in the first Guardians 3000 trade, which I’ll cover later.

Original Sin

This volume is marketed as a tie-in to Original Sin, a Marvel event where character’s greatest secrets were revealed. Good news if you didn’t read Original Sin, it only thematically ties in. Some people did complain, kinda fairly, about that. I like thematic crossovers though, so it’s not an issue for me. Also, Original Sin and most of the comics with the branding kinda rocked…? And I’m not one to usually praise big crossover events.

Anyway, The secret of how Star-Lord, Drax, and Thanos survived the Cancerverse is revealed! And the final fate of Richard Rider (inexplicably spelled as Ryder sometimes, but not all the time in this story) Ed McGuinness draws the “lost chapter” in between The Thanos Imperative and Avengers Assemble. It’s blockbuster action at its finest and probably my favorite Guardians arc by Bendis, which I guess does speak something that my favorite is when he tackles another creators’ version of the characters.

In the second story, the Guardians remember they lost Venom, so they save him from the Skulls that had captured and torture him. The symbiote goes crazy and possesses the Guardians one by one, taking control of the ship, piloting it to destinations unknown. It’s a fun Alien homage and one of the better stories in the run. I actually don’t want to spoil it because the outcome, if not the destination is pretty surprising. Valerio Schiti joins as the new ongoing artist and remains it until Bendis leaves the book. The book really starts to come alive as with Schiti, Bendis finds his groove.

Black Vortex/Through the Looking Glass

The next part of the series is kinda hard to describe. Issues 24 and 25, the next after the Venom story, are part of the Black Vortex crossover, which is mostly a story that affects Legendary Star-Lord, one of Guardians’ sister books (I’ll cover it in an upcoming column). You can get it in two volumes; either the Guardians of the Galaxy & X-Men: The Black Vortex hardcover or paperback, that contains the whole crossover, but then you’re missing out on the last three issues of Guardians. Through the Looking Glass contains just the Guardians issues and wraps up Bendis’ first Guardians series, but then you’re missing most of the context for Black Vortex. I’ll go more into Black Vortex next time, but I will say that I am dissatisfied with this way of publishing crossovers. I don’t mind the crossovers being in a separate volume, but I don’t like the reprinting of material collected otherwise. No one likes double-dippers, not in food and not in books.

Other than that, there’s the annual; a fun one-off story with art by (sigh) Frank Cho. Despite the sigh, the art is good and the story is basically that the gang runs into Nick Fury and the cast of 1970’s S.H.I.E.L.D. (60’s is more accurate, but Jessica Drew is there). They’re recruited to fight some Skulls who apparently S.H.I.E.L.D. has been hunting for years. Obviously, that doesn’t entirely check out, and therein lies the story’ conflict. Also, Captain Marvel does something. She just kinda, doesn’t do much for the rest of the run.

The last story in here is a two-parter that mostly just sets up the next series. If your evil emperor is deposed and defeated seemingly for good? Well, if you’re the people of Spartax, you vote his son who deposed him in the first place to be your new king. Peter, at the urging of his then finance Kitty Pryde (It does seem sudden unless you’re reading Legendary Star-Lord too), takes responsibility for his people. Him actually ruling? That’s covered in our next installment.
There are also series of hardcovers containing two volumes of the graphic novels each, this series includes the Trial of Jean Grey, but not Avengers Assemble or Guardians of Knowhere. Three volumes are currently out, with a fourth in November, volume five, probably releasing next year, will wrap up Bendis’ entire run.
Conversely, there is a Guardians of the Galaxy by Brian Michael Bendis Omnibus containing everything from Avengers Assemble to Guardians of Knowhere. I’d assume a second, containing the All-New All-Different series will eventually be released.

Next time: Secret Wars and Emperor Quill!

So You Want to Read… Guardians of the Galaxy Part One: ANNIHILATION! The Abnett and Lanning Era

With Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 rapidly approaching I figured it was high time to write another reading guide, this time focused on the cosmic misfits. Then as I remembered that I’ve read almost everything they’ve been in, I decided that I’d write a complete guide. This is the first in a series of Guardians related SYWTR; each covering a different era of the space-faring super-team.

After writer/artist Jim Starlin left Marvel, their space comics (referred to as “cosmic” comics by fans) kind of sputtered out. In the fall of 2005, Marvel relaunched the “universal” part of the Marvel universe with several miniseries under the banner Annihilation. Writers Dan Abnet and Andy Lanning (known collectively as DnA), along with Keith Giffen, were the core architects of the series. The storyline was massively successful and led to a sequel. The sequel, in turn, led to the formation of the modern day Guardians of the Galaxy. This is the era that most directly influenced the movie, and if you don’t feel like reading everything, there’s several good jumping on points. This article provides a reading order for their series. It might seem a bit daunting, what with the amount of series involved, but that’s what this whole thing is here for.

Annihilation:

Annihilus, the warlord king of the alternate dimension, the Negative Zone launches an attack into the positive matter universe. His forces destroy the galactic peacekeepers, the Nova Corps, save for human member Richard Rider. The Annihilation Wave ravages the galaxy, conquering all for Annhilus. The only hope is a ragtag resistance group including Rider, Ronan the Accuser, Peter Quill, Gamora, Drax, and the former Heralds of the world-devouring Galactus, who is enslaved as the Wave’s power source. But first, they have to survive long enough to meet each other.

The story takes place in several miniseries arranging the players and is resolved in the main series, but the three paperback collections now available collect them in chronological order, as well as the preceding Drax the Destroyer miniseries. Annihilation is a really great story with massive scope, great character work, and sets up the new cosmic order. It has most of the characters you’d expect from a pre-Guardians series. You really only need background on who the Silver Surfer is, otherwise completely accessible.

(Also of note Thanos issues 7-12, are not part of Annihilation or included in the collection, but introduces Star-Lord to the Marvel Universe proper. Not necessary reading.)

Available in three paperbacks or a hardcover omnibus (out of print).
Also available as three volumes digitally and on Marvel Unlimited.

Annihilation Conquest:

The sequel to Annihilation, the galaxy is recovering from the Annihilation Wave, but after Quill and Ronan broker a peace treaty, the technological race, the Phalanx attack and start assimilating the Kree empire and then the Galaxy. Bending beings to their will, the Galaxy’s heroes have to free the universe from being mindless drones and drive back the Phalanx’s leader-Ultron.

This series introduces a proto-Guardians team in Star-Lord’s suicide squad. Assigned a regiment as part of the Kree Military resistance, the team consists of Quill, Mantis, Captain Universe, Deathbird, Rocket Raccoon, King Groot of Planet X. All of the members except two will join the Guardians during their ongoing series.
Conquest reads pretty well without having read the prior series. You will miss some character stuff, but the core story works well if you just want to jump on here and see the beginning of the Guardians.

Available as two (out of print) paperbacks and an omnibus that might still be in print.
Also available as two digital volumes and on Marvel Unlimited.

Guardians of the Galaxy (2008-2010):

Abnett and Lanning, now without Giffen, take the name of super-hero team that readers had long since forgotten and created something new with it. Star-Lord. Rocket. Groot. Drax. Gamora. Phyla-Vell. Adam Warlock. Aided by telepathic Cosmo the Russian space dog, they close dimensional rifts in the universe, heretical space religions, as well as any other threats to existence itself. After saving future hero Vance Astro from one of the rifts, they take the name of his team, The Guardians of the Galaxy. They’re caught in between a shifting future timeline, a War of Kings and the eternal battle between the concepts life and death. It’s great stuff that’s really accessible to new readers despite the sci-fi rigamarole and makes great use of Marvel history without being impenetrable. Also worth noting is that several parts of the series take place during the War of Kings crossover. You don’t need to read it, context clues will guide you through, but it will provide background. Also, it’s pretty good.

Available in two paperbacks and an omnibus.
Also available as four digital volumes and on Marvel Unlimited.

The Thanos Imperative:

In the final issues of Guardians of the Galaxy, Adam Magus, a corrupted Guardian attempts to defeat Death itself. Death has other plans and after its avatar, Phyla-Vell dies, it resurrects Thanos as its new avatar. Thanos defeats the Magus, but events in War of Kings and Nova open a breach to the Cancerverse. There, Life had won and the was no more Death. For anything. A nightmarish realm full of corrupted Avengers, The Guardians, Nova, and Thanos enter the undying universe to destroy it before it spreads to ours.

This marks the end of the Abnett/Lanning Guardians run as well as their run on Nova. It’s a fantastic climax to the characters’ stories (at least by the authors). Characters from these books would continue on in Annihilators, a series about the cosmic protectorate filling the void left by the disbanded Guardians.

Available in paperback as well as digitally and on Marvel Unlimited.

Further Suggested Reading:
Nova:

Although technically never a member of the Guardians, Nova is their closest ally during this era and a personal friend to Quill, as well as lover to Gamora. It was the flagship book of the Abnett/Lanning era and has some of their best cosmic stories. Well worth the read if you’re starting from Annihilation or Conquest. If not, you can skip it, but you’d be missing out.

War of Kings:

The Inhumans are now the rulers of the Kree Empire and they’re attacked by Vulcan, mad emperor of the Shiar Empire. A galactic war breaks out as the Starjammers, led by Vulcan’s brother Havoc (of the X-Men), attempt to reinstate Lillandra as the head of the empire. The Guardians show up briefly, but their part is mostly covered in their own series. It’s solid space politics and I do so love my space politics. Highly recommended if it’s your thing or you’re confused by the Guardians tie-in.

Annihilators:

I have not actually read this, except for the Rocket and Groot backups, but essentially it’s a team of cosmic heavy hitters formed to take down powerful cosmic threats. Ronan, Silver Surfer, Beta Ray Bill, Gladiator. I keep meaning to read it, but every time I do, I just reread Thanos Imperative.

I’m really hoping that sometime in between Guardians 2 and Avengers 4 Marvel will rerelease all of this stuff in affordable paperbacks. Next time is the just concluded Brian Michael Bendis era, and boy, is there a lot of it.

Wolverine Month: Wolverine+Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection

The last book I’m going to talk about in this great month of Wolverine is part of the Marvel Graphic Novel line. Rather than the comic-sized paperback format of the other books I’ve talked about, It was a series of high prestige books printed with much better paper and with better color technology. It’s a format I really like, and have quite a few of these even though some of them have been reprinted in modern times.

Drawn by Howard Chaykin (American Flagg, he also drew the first ever Star Wars comics) and written by Archie Goodwin (also did Star Wars for a time, but is mostly known for being the best editor in the history of American comics.), Wolverine+Nick Fury; The Scorpio connection is more of a Nick Fury story than a Wolverine one. Also, if you’re coming in mostly with a knowledge of the movies, this Nick Fury does not resemble Samuel L. Jackson at all. He’s white, has graying hair and looks a bit like David Hasselhoff.

The story opens with S.H.I.E.L.D. agent David Nanjiwarra, investigating a gun-running ring in Machu Picchu. He along with the rest of his team are killed by an unseen figure. The killer leaves a small token with the Zodiac symbol Scorpio.

In Manhattan at a S.H.I.E.L.D. gym, Nick Fury’s old flame Valentina Allegra de Fontaine is being asked out by a young agent, while Fury and his right-hand man, Dum Dum Dugan, reminisce about simpler times. Fury remembers that he used to hope for love and a family, but that all seems behind him now. As they leave Dugan’s wife and kids come along and Fury looks at the scene longingly. He remembers the one family member he did have, his brother Jake, who he killed.

Meanwhile, The supervillain hitman Arcade has his latest deathtrap foiled by the X-Men (In what appears to be their Austrailia-era costumes.) As he escapes, just to mess with Wolverine, he mentions, speaking via a decoy robot, that he intercepted one of S.H.I.E.L.D.’s communications, which said to keep certain information out of Wolverine’s hands at any cost, in fear of how he would react. The info? Agent David Nanjiwarra has died. Turns out he was one of Wolverine’s close friends. Wolvie goes berserk and slices the robot to pieces

S.H.I.E.L.D. has discovered the Scorpio emblem and the dead agents. Fury thinks it has to be a hoax as killed Scorpio himself (and left his true identity out of S.H.I.E.L.D.’s database). Fury goes to a bar and orders a drink. As he’s about to take a sip, his olive is stabbed by Wolverine, who’s not happy about Fury keeping the death a secret. Fury says he’ll help Logan find the killer.

We cut to an island where a handsome young man named Mikel has two attractive young women flirt with him. He’s distracted until an older woman in a bikini tells him to hurry along and get on their boat. (A sentence I loved writing.) The women are actually really mean about it and joke about him being into cougars and it’s something that seems like it could happen, but man, can’t we be nice?

Anyway, the woman is actually his mother and she’s rather catty about Mikel chatting with them. He then puts on the Scorpio costume and shows off his impressive martial arts skills. He, having been trained and conditioned by his mother for one purpose. To kill the man who killed his father. To kill Nick Fury.

Wolverine, now in Machu Picchu, flashes back to when he met David. Wolverine was hunting terrorists in the desert and he collapses and David helped him up. They go to get a drink, but the bartender refuses to serve David because he’s of Aboriginal descent. Wolvie strongarms the guy into doing it. David complains about the conditions working for the Australian government and how the whole country is systematically racist. He plans to join S.H.I.E.L.D. where that sort of thing isn’t tolerated.

So Fury chases Scorpio to Vienna they fight. Fury is really pissed that someone is posing as his dead brother, but Scorpio dramatically rips off his mask, revealing that he’s the son of Jacob Fury. I mean, we all saw it coming.

In Istanbul, Wolverine has tracked an arms dealer from Machu Picchu to a dingy little joint. There he meets the leader of the gun runners, Amber D’Alexis, the mother of Scorpio. And yes, her name sounds like $10 perfume.

Scorpio attacks Logan, and with a combination of his martial arts and his the Zodiac Key, actually manages to hurt him pretty badly. For you continuity buffs, the Zodiac Key is an immensely powerful weapon that looks like a key and apparently can be used to unlock a door to the future or something. This is not that key. It’s a replica and basically just a blaster.

Suddenly the lights go out and Nick Fury scoops up Wolverine. He used a “BlackLight Bomb’ which knocks out anything not in the infrared spectrum. They escape and Fury argues about how it’s too personal to Logan before cracking and revealing it’s personal to him too.

Nick tells Logan that he used to know Amber back when he was CIA agent. He had posed as a gambler at a seedy club she owned to gain underworld connections to bring down criminals. She had clawed her way up from the bottom and created an empire through both illegal and legitimate means. Through one of her legitimate companies, she had hired and then fallen in love with researcher Jacob Fury. Not wanting to blow his cover, he gave Jake and Amber his blessing. He takes her out dancing to thank her for not telling his brother about his activities at the club and predictably, seduces her. She stopped caring about Jake and fell for Nick, but he used their closeness to turn her in. After that, Jake hated him and became Scorpio.

As the flashback ends, it turns out that they were discussing this over dinner and Wolverine eats a shish kabob with his claws and all is perfect for a moment.

There’s a bit where they invade Amber’s private island to take the duo out. They get caught with knockout gas, but that’s literally all to say about it. Not super important. More pressingly, Scorpio attacks the S.H.I.E.L.D.

Base with the gym. Fury and Wolverine show up and chase Scorpio to the top of the building and the foursome fight. Amber reveals that Mikel is actually Nick’s son, which, yeah, you also saw coming. Nick shoots him to stop him from killing Logan, causing him to drop the Zodiac Key. Nick runs to his son’s side. Amber picks it up and blasts Logan something fierce. She points it at Fury and Mikel, saying killing Fury would have been nice, but killing Fury and the son he’ll never know will be better. Then boom! Logan comes from behind and stabs her.

Mikel attempts to escape with a plane on top of the building, but as it’s taking off, Fury and Wolvie bring it down. They all survive and S.H.I.E.L.D. is working to get Mikel deprogrammed from what his mom conditioned him to believe. As they leave the building Logan tosses Fury a cigar and congratulates him on being a parent and what the what? Dude, a little inapropprite all things considered.

Oh, and spoilers, Mikel is deprogrammed and plays a part (and then dies) in Jonathan Hickman’s Secret Warriors series, which is great and you should all read.

The story was continued in graphic novels/annuals called Scorpio Rising and one called Bloody Choices. I have not read either, but there is a collection that contains all three stories, so it’s out there if you want to.

So to wrap up this dumb Wolverine month celebrating this dumb character I love, I chose a story he’s barely in. He could have been removed and it would have been just as strong. David doesn’t get mentioned again, not even in an “and now he’s been avenged can rest” speech. Like, Wolverine’s “Scorpio Connection” seems kinda tenuous at best. It’s kinda unsatisfying if you’re looking for a Wolverine revenge story, but it’s a solid Nick Fury story and I’d still suggest it.

That’s it for “Wolverine Month”. I had fun reading these and fun writing all of these except this last one. You can find me @NicoliRaymond on Twitter and on my podcast Hopelessly Obsessed.

Wolverine Month: Inner Fury

I’m back with the Wolverine month I’ve said existed, but no one has acknowledged except me. (Truth be told, every month is Wolverine month in my heart.) I frequent Half-Price Books, which is great for finding weird and rare stuff at affordable prices. I happened upon Wolverine: Inner Fury. As far as I can tell, the Wolverine ongoing series did not have annuals (oversized issues released once a year in addition to the regular issues), but rather a Wolverine graphic novel was released every year. One of those was the Jungle Adventure, which I wrote about here. These were chances for different writers and artist to work on a Wolverine story when they might not normally.

This one-shot is written by D.G. Chinchester. I’ve never heard of this guy, a quick Google turned up that he wrote Daredevil after Ann Nocenti. Based on this, that seems like a good fit. There’s some cool stuff in here.

The artist, however, I have heard of. He’s the main reason I wanted to read this. Bill Sienkiewicz (not said like it’s spelled). He’s one of the best stylists in the industry. His art varies in both medium and style to fit the story. In gritty superhero stuff like this, it’s a sketchy violent style where the concept of what he’s showing seems more real than what he’s actually drawing. The man’s a monster. Just, dude, if you haven’t seen his stuff, Google it right now.

Anyway, the book itself starts out in a Hydra lab with an experiment in nanomachines being supervised by a deformed little man dangling from the ceiling with a nutrient tank around his head. His body is of no use, I don’t know whether or not his limbs even work, but he’s there, suspended. The scientists and lackeys around him call him “The Whale” even as he thinks of himself as a “Shark.” I should point out this is because his nose looks like a fin.

A scientist points out that some of the inventory has gone missing.

Before I go into the next scene, I want to talk about the design for the Hydra agents. They’re these black…things, seeming incorporeal in some panels, blending in with the shadows and on others they seem robot and super solid. It’s neither here nor there, it just looks cool.

Okay, so back to the action. So it turns out they’re not really in a lab. They’re being transported inside of a truck. The “lab” seemed cramped and the panels boxed us and the characters in. This is why. The Whale sets off the nanomachines and causes the truck to crash. Two Hydra agents, the leaders of this project overlook the crash. One is a man who berates his partner, unseen, but their shadow/silhouette is in the shape of a full-figured woman. The shadowed leader shoots the man as he says he’s going to pin the failure all on them.

Cut to Chicago, covered in one of our famous snowstorms. Wolverine is here, as he puts it, for his own murder. S.H.I.E.L.D. let him know about a communique that had been dropped off with his name on it. Both he and Nick Fury knew it was a trap, but logan says that whoever wants to lead him on is the one that’s really trapped. Knowing Wolverine, the reader is inclined to agree.

So he goes to Chicago and he’s attacked by some generic bad dudes.They have face masks similar to the ones the Hydra people wore, but that might just be because Sienkiewicz was in the mood to design a particular thing. One of them gets a pretty solid hit into Logan, but after healing, he makes quick work of them. Then steps out a short man with a pointy nose and an enormous flowy head of hair, another one, who calls himself “Big”. Big is a bounty hunter, who was hired to kill the guys Logan just did. He offers Logan a cut, but Logan just heads off to a bar.

Needing to unwind, he’s a couple beers in and chatting up a PYT. She says she doesn’t usually like older men as they tend to be more…domesticated.

That’s what she says.

Anyway, Logan, despite being literally older than this lady’s grandmother, takes offense to this and asks why she thinks he’s old. She points out his grey hairs. Logan doesn’t remember having any, so she strokes it to prove it to him. But when she touches it, she bleeds. Big then walks in and suggests Logan stop *ahem* fraternizing as she could get hurt more as his condition worsens. Logan angrily asks Big what he means.

The stout man refers to Logan’s hair follicles and fingernails, of which the Adamantium in Logan’s body seems to be getting out. This is interesting because it this is, as far as I know, the first time the “Logan gets Adamantium removed” plot beat happens. It more famously appears in the “Fatal Attractions” X-Men storyline, in which Logan’s claws are revealed to grow from bone and part of his mutation.

Big tells Logan about the nanomachines and how they’ve ruined the lives of his clients. The machines have hacked Wolverine’s healing factor (which is portrayed in the book, but not here as cartoon white blood cells with eyes) is rejecting the Adamantium from his body, registering it as a harmful substance. As his condition visibly worsens, he convinces Logan to join forces and take down The Shark.

They go to fight some dudes who they think know the Whale/Shark’s location. He has to watch himself in the scrap, something he’s not used to. Usually, his healing factor patches him up as they go, but now his healing factor is working overtime to expel the Adamantium.

A guy comes from behind and is going to shank Logan, but he grows Adamantium spines out of his back like a deadly Sonic the Hedgehog. It’s kinda great. The people are defeated and Logan and Big head off to find another lead. AND BOY, do they head off in style. Big has a personal hovercraft. It fits two people, but it’s clearly made for just him.It’s this tall thing vaguely shaped like the capital letter “I” with a big bulbous light on the top of the front, where Big peeks his head out of. And it’s got a mechanical arm on the side and Logan has to kind of squat inside and it’s great.

They keep looking and eventually crash in a hotel room, where the full extent of what is happening to Logan becomes clear. He’s sprawled out on the couch, Adamantium sticking out from every opening in his body. He still manages to fall asleep on the couch and dreams a terrible and violent dream.

He’s on a ship and they’re hunting the Shark/Whale/Metaphor. It’s Moby Dick. It’s just straight up Moby Dick. Wolverine to the Ahab, The Whale to the…Whale. Yeah. The Whale/Whale attack the ship, only Logan, never having seen him, assumes he’s this giant hulking monster who fights him, but his Adamantium betrays him during the duel and before the Whale/Whale can kill him, he chides Logan for not sticking to Melville’s metaphor. I’m loving that these “not annuals” are basically just the villains critiquing media. At least in my head they are.

They arrive at The Whale/Shark’s base and fight their way inside. At this point, Logan is Edward Scissorhands’ final Pokemon evolution. The Shark/Whale is inside and Logan doesn’t quite believe it. He threatens The suspended scientist, but he doesn’t have a cure and is terrified by Big.

The silhouette is revealed as Big on his hovercraft. It was his magnificent hair, the lights on his device providing the outline of the uh..bulbs. Turns out that Big was the Hydra leader after his stolen tech.Which then makes the deformed man the Shark/Whale/Patsy. The Shark/Whale was after his freedom, both from Hydra and to experiment in public. He needed Logan’s help to track the defector down, so using the nanomachines that The Whale/Shark was told were missing earlier to infect Logan, giving him motivation.

Logan tries to fight Big, but he’s pretty easily beaten down again and again. Big breaks open the Whale’s tank and he falls to the floor. Some wiring is broken and with a spark, a fire begins to spread in the lab. After taking care of his target, Big comes at Logan with a chainsaw that was just lying around I guess.

Logan realizes the one way to shock his body into resetting is to kill himself. So he puts his claws up to the bottom of his head and pops them. I’m not sure if it’s just because of the shock or because the machines were there. I don’t know. But it works and he makes *ahem* short work of Big. Wolverine throws the Shark/Whale/Fish into a bucket and carries him as he retreats into the snowy woods, the lab going up in a blaze behind him.

I wish I had a scanner so I could show you guys this stuff. It’s top-notch work and one of the most visually interesting books I’ve read in a long while. I spent at least double the amount of time I usually do reading to look over the art. HIGHEST possible recommendation for the art. The writing is fine and I enjoyed the dream sequence, but I bought this for Sienkiewicz’s art and I was proven even more right than I initially thought.

Wolverine Month: The Jungle Adventure

I’m back with my second Wolverine month article. I wanted to take a look at some of the lesser known Wolverine graphic novels from years past. This time I’m looking at Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure. It’s written by Walter Simonson, known for the greatest run of Thor ever, and drawn by Mike Mignola, creator of Hellboy. With such massive creators behind it, I don’t know why it isn’t more talked about.

The story opens with a tribal elder telling his people of the Child of Heaven. He flashes back and talks about a lighter that the tribe found and thought was a device from the gods and they put it on a big rock and worship it.
Now, this tribe is from the Savage Land, which is this jungle in the antarctic where cavemen and dinosaurs live. Just accept it.
Wolverine lands a one man plane, grabs the lighter and uses it on a cigar. He just puffs it and is like “Okay, Nick Fury signed this lighter in case I’d stop by.“ He doesn’t really question it.
The tribe sees him as a God or at least a Child of the Gods, but some don’t believe it. Their fiercest warrior, Gahck (alternately spelled Gack sometimes, I guess) challenges Wolverine to a fight. Wolverine wins because it’s not a comic about Wolverine being Jungle Rocky.
…Why is this not a comic about Wolverine being Jungle Rocky?

Anyway, he beats Gahck and he’s made chief and he goes to hang out in a cave alone because part of being chief is having a cave. “Not bad, as far as caves go”, says Logan. I like the idea that he has just this extensive knowledge of caves and which ones are the best to live in. Like, I know that he actually does live in caves sometimes, but it’s still pretty great to imagine him looking up cave reviews on Zillow.

Gahck walks in and without the big warrior get up, Logan and the readers learn Gahck is a woman. This is important because her and Logan talk briefly and keeping up the God pretense, says he doesn’t want her as a sacrifice because the tribe sent her up as tribute in the first place.

They talk a bit and then they’re like “Let’s bone”. And they do. But not before Logan can explain what he’s doing in the Savage Land. He was mysteriously sent a ticket to a Broadway show, and according to Logan, a pretty lousy one. During intermission, he’s handed a message by a man with a terrible British accent.

The note says it’s from Jean Grey, telling him to meet her in the back alley. The note smells nothing like her. He decides to check it out anyway, what the heck? He has a few minutes before act II. He’s ambushed by a cyborg who speaks in broken English and I am making none of this up.

The cyborg explodes and Logan smells from his charred remains that “This Johnny comes from the Savage Land”. But he also smells like Logan. Specifically his pain and torment. No, really.

Cut to the present, Logan takes a more active interest in the tribe, leading their hunts and gaining their trust. He kills a dinosaur during one of the hunts and the tribe is sufficiently impressed to not only make him chief, but accept him as one of them. When Chackel, one of the tribesmen, doesn’t come back, Logan takes interest in the situation. Turns out there’s a T-Rex that comes once a year and eats members the tribe. Unusually, it leaves no remains of its victims.

Chackel’s father, doubting Logan’s godhood as he has to be explained this, stabs him in rage. Logan shrugs it off. He’s not happy about it, but he lets the man live. An elder tells him that only one man ever escaped from the T-Rex, after being taken to his “Mountain of Thunder”. Having heard enough, Logan sets out to hunt.

Facing it, it swallows him whole. The tribe is left shocked by this, but then he claws his way out of its stomach, having discovered it was a robot designed to look like a T-Rex with the purpose of capturing, not killing.

He sets off to leave the tribe, but finds out his one man plane is missing he accuses Gahck, think he doesn’t want him to leave and angered she leaves. Gahck is really upset about being accused and storms off. He has the elders point him in the direction of the “Moutain of Thunder”. He dons his X-Men uniform and sets off.

By the way, I want to say that Mignola’s T-Rex fight, along with everything else, is absolutely gnarly.

So Logan arrives at the mountain and smells pain like the cyborg’s, but before he can focus on it, a trapdoor opens and next thing he knows, he wakes tied up in a cell with Apocalypse monologuing before him. This is actually the first meeting between the two, Apocalypse had been around for a while, but had only appeared in X-Men’s sister title X-Factor.

Apocalypse has been experimenting on the cave people, making them cyborgs as assassins. He plans to do the same with Logan. Gahck shows up, having tracked Logan down and she attempts to save him. Apocalypse throws her in a cage and says after he’s done with Wolverine, she’ll be his first test.

Apocalypse turns his back and there’s a really cool page of Logan cutting the ropes on his feet, taking his boots off to get the lighter, which he kept in his boots? And then lights it and burns through the ropes on his hands.

Logan attacks Apocalypse and they fight. Over in the corner, Gahck frees Chackel, who’s fine, and they escape. Apocalypse reveals he was making the cyborgs to eliminate mutants. He’s going to protect the humans from the Mutants and help them reclaim the Earth. Now this is pretty much the oppisite of Big A’s normal game plan, which makes Logan suspicious, and rightfully so. It turns out this Apocalypse is a robot. Logan shreds it to bits.

He looks around the lab and wonders why a robot would create cyborgs or what any of this means. He then finds a skull made of Adamantium. This is interesting because at this time Chris Claremont (writer of X-Men) intended for Wolverine’s metal skeleton to have been grafted onto him by Apocalypse. That never played out, but it’s cool to see.

Just as he starts to consider what it means, a hologram of the real Apocalypse turns on and says that he built this robot to man this base while he was gone, but its programming corrupted and put it in opposition of its creator. Now, this is where it gets bonkers. Rather than deal with it himself, he decided to send Wolverine a ticket to the play, pose as a regular dude to give Logan the note that would lead him to the cyborg, which apparently Apocalypse knew was specifically targeting Logan. That way, Logan would investigate and deal with the robot for him. He thanks Logan for letting him know that he has to work on his British accent AND THEN HE STARTS CRITIQUING THE PLAY.

Apocalypse releases a gas to kill Logan, saying that he can now freely take out two enemies. Wolverine’s healing factor keeps him alive long enough to use the lighter as an explosive…somehow? He takes his aerofoil, which I guess we’re supposed to figure Gahck did take and then flew it to the mountain and left it when she got Chackel out?

The story ends with the Shaman wrapping up his telling, revealing Chackel is a cyborg, but he’s okay and Gahck and Wolverine had a kid and everyone loved-WAIT. THIS KID HAS NEVER SHOWN UP AGAIN. It’s just kind of skirted over and he’s been to the Savage Land again after this, so I don’t know if no one read this or remembers (which is possible). Or if Simonson had plans or what.

Anyway, it was a really fun book, great art, light on continuity and easily accessible. I found it at Half-Price Books for three dollars and if you can find it for around that price I totally recommend it.

 

This is, besides a spellcheck, completley unedited, so maybe not my best work. I do plan on going back to it and redoing sections sometime later this week.